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Mahabharat

King Shurasena

1. Shurasena (शूरसेन) was father of King Vasudev(father of Krishna ) and Pŗtha or Kunti (mother of Pandava)

2. King Vasudev and Kunti being brother and sister was one of the prime reason why Pandavas won the Mahabharat War.

Lord Krishna

1. Within the Indian epic Mahabharata, Krishna was the son of the Yadav chief King Vasudev and his wife Devaki.

2. Devki's brother was Kansa, who imprisoned her and King Vasudev along with Kansa's father Ugrasen



Kansa Vadh

1. Krishna was the key political figure in overthrowing Kansa, the king of Surasena Kingdom.

2. The kingdom of Surasena was the native kingdom of Yadav clans constituted by the Andhakas, Vrishnis and Bhojas.

3. By overthrowing Kansa, Krishna re-established the old king Ugrasena on the throne and stabilized the kingdom from collapse due to factional fighting within the kingdom.



Creation of Dwarka

Dwarka Underwater1. The ruler of Magadha, Jarasandha who was Father in Law of Kansa, attacked Surasena(Mathura) many times and killed many civilians.

2. Krishna and other Yadav chiefs all became worried for their people.

3. At last they had to flee from their native kingdom to the south and to the west.

4. Later, with the initiative of Krishna, the Yadavas who fled from Surasena formed a new kingdom called Dwaraka.

5. Its capital was Dwaravati, a city well protected by mountains on all sides, in an island, not far from the Gujarat coast.

6. This made it immune to attacks from land.

7. The kingdom prospered by sea trade with seafaring kingdoms.

8. The ruins of Dwarka were found in the 20th century. Adjacent picture shows the underwater dwarka.

Conquest of Eastern Kingdoms of Pragjyotisha and Shonitapura

1. Krishna defeated the king Naraka of Pragjyotisha the modern day Guwahati, in Assam state of India. He was known as Bhumiputra (the son of the Earth) belonging to the Bhauma clan of kings. His kingdom was called Kamarupa

2. Krishna also conquered Bana or Vana of Shonitapura (Shonitpur of Assam), to the east of Pragjyotisha. However they became allies, as Krishna's grandson Aniruddha married Usha, the daughter of Bana. He belonged to the Daitya clan of Asuras.



Conquest of Vidarbha, Gandhara and Pandya

1. Krishna married Rukmini, his first wife, by abducting her on her request from the Vidarbha Kingdom, defeating her brother Rukmi.

2. He also won in a contest and married a Gandhara princess, Satya, in the same manner.

3. Krishna also attacked and conquered the Pandya Kingdom in the south.



Conquest of Magadha

1. With the help of Pandavas, Krishna overthrew the Magadha king Jarasandha who was their biggest enemy.

2. Pandava prince Bhima killed Jarasandha in a one-on-one battle, with strategic help from Krishna.



Krishna & Pandavas overthrow Duryodhana

1. Krishna established a tie-up of Yadavas with the Pandavas, a faction of Kurus, who were fighting against the established Kuru Kingdom.

2. Krishna helped the Pandavas to win the Kurukshetra War against the Kurus headed by Duryodhana. Thus the rule of the Pandava Yudhisthira was re-established by Krishna at Indraprastha, the modern-day Delhi.



Yadavs Fought amongst themselves

1. The Yadava chiefs fought the Kurukshetra War, on both sides, and even after the war ended, the enmity among the Yadav leaders continued.

2. After 36 years, since the Kurukshetra War, another war broke among the Yadavas, in their own kingdom.

3. This resulted in the destruction of the Yadava kingdom in Dwaraka, with Balrama and Krishna also departing due to grief.



Krishna's Sons became Rulers of Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Kashmir, Multan after Dwarka Submergence

1. After infighting between great Yadava kings, and subsequent submergence of Dwarka, Yadavas fled to safer places, and founded their own Kingdoms. Click Here to Read Detailed information.

2. In Delhi a kingdom was founded under Lord Krishna's Great Grandson Vajranabh with the help of Arjuna and later Parikshit.

3. Velir Kingdom in Tamil Nadu was found with the help of Sage Agastya.

4. Kalinga Empire was founded under Indradyumna.

5. Kashmir empire was founded with the help of Arjuna.

6. Magadh empire later came into prominance under Yadavas.

7. Lord Krishna's son Samba's Descendants had already founded their own kingdom in current city of Multan in Pakistan.



Bhagavad Gita

Bhagavad-Gita1. The Bhagavad Gita (श्रीमद् भगवद् गीता), is a 700-verse scripture that is part of the Hindu epic Mahabharata, and is the Single Most greatest piece of Literature produced by Yadavas ever.

2. This scripture contains a conversation between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide Lord Krishna on a variety of theological and philosophical issues.

3. Faced with a fratricidal war, a despondent Arjuna turns to his charioteer Krishna for counsel on the battlefield.

4. Krishna, through the course of the Bhagavad Gita (श्रीमद् भगवद् गीता), imparts to Arjuna wisdom, the path to devotion, and the doctrine of selfless action.

5. The Bhagavad Gita (श्रीमद् भगवद् गीता) upholds the essence and the theological tradition of the Upanishads.

6. However, unlike the rigorous monism of the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita (श्रीमद् भगवद् गीता) also integrates dualism and theism.

Read History Part 4 : Yadavas after Mahabharat Era

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