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Aniruddha Jagannath

Introduction

1. Sir Anerood Jugnauth (Anirudha Jaganaath or अनिरुद्ध जगन्नाथ, born 29 March 1930), is a Mauritian politician who was President of Mauritius from 2003 to 2012. Previously he was Prime Minister of Mauritius from 1982 to 1995 and again from 2000 to 2003. 2. He served four consecutive terms as Prime Minister from 1982 to 1995 and was then voted out of office from 1995 to 2000.

3. He was the prime minister who held the office for the longest run, one of 16 years, overtaking Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, who held the office for 14 years. As leader of the Militant Socialist Movement, he became Prime Minister again, for a fifth term, after the 2000 election. His alliance partner, Paul Bérenger of the Mauritian Militant Movement, succeeded him in 2003 after serving as Jugnauth's deputy for three years. Jugnauth was then elected President in 2003.

4. He was a Member of Parliament for 35 years, from 1963 to 1995 and from 2000 to 2003. Often nicknamed as Rambo (a film character known to be unbeatable), in Mauritian politics, he is known as such for his personality as he is the only prime minister who won four general parliamentary elections in a row, those in 1982, 1983, 1987, 1991.

5. He was a cabinet minister during the leadership of Seewoosagur Ramgoolam from 1965 up to 1969. In 1970, he moved out and went to the newly created political party of the Mauritian Militant Movement, where he eventually became its leader in 1982. He created his own political party called Militant Socialist Movement in 1983 and was once more elected. His party remained in power up to 1995. In 2000, he was once more elected prime minister and served until 2003, when he was sworn into the presidency.

6. From the beginning of his first mandate as Prime Minister he expressed his country's readiness to establish strong economic ties, particularly in creating technology-based projects with economic feasibility. Jugnauth is credited with the legacy of Mauritius’ "economic miracle"[citation needed] of the 1980s - a set of policies such as the revitalization of the duty-free trade zone and establishing Mauritius as a leader in textiles production - which allowed the island to develop an economic presence in the region.

7. He founded the Militant Socialist Movement party in 1983. He was elected as prime minister in 1982 for the first time, again in 1983, and for the third time from 1991 to 1995.

8. He was honoured with Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Awards for his continued support for India's causes and concerns and for strengthening India's relationship with Mauritius. He has expressed his country's readiness to establish strong economic ties, particularly in creating technology-based projects. He was elected in 2000 to his final tenure as Prime Minister up to 2003 where he retired from his office.

9. He was made Queen's Counsel in 1980 and was made a member Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council in 1983. He was Knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1988 when the Republic was still a Commonwealth Realm and when the Queen acted as Head of State. Therefore he still uses his formal title as Sir and also the prefix The Right Honourable. His name is often abbreviated as 'SAJ' being the initials of Sir Anerood Jugnauth.

10. Anerood Jugnauth is the only Mauritian to have occupied the two highest position in the republic; the office of the president and prime minister.

11. Sir Anerood Jugnauth resigned as President on 30 March 2012. He mentioned that he did not support the government policies and new speech program that was to be revealed on 16 April 2012. He stated that he resigned because of his disagreement with the members of the government.

12. Jugnauth is also leading the main opposition coalition MSM/MMM as of 2012. He has been elected leader of the coalition and candidate for premiership in case of their victory. Paul Berenger, leader of the MMM and Pravind Jugnauth, leader of the MSM, will both be appointed as cabinet ministers in case of victory, with Jugnauth as prime minister

13. Anerood Jugnauth was born at La Caverne, Vacoas Phoenix, and was brought up there. He had his primary education at Palma Primary School and had his secondary education at Regent College. He taught for some time at New Eton College and later worked as a clerk in the Poor Law Department for some time before being transferred to the Judicial Department. In 1951, he left Mauritius for the UK to study law. In 1964, he was elected Chairman of the Palma Village Council. He was first elected to parliament as an Independent Forward Block candidate in the constituency of Rivière du Rempart District in 1963. He served as a magistrate shortly after his resignation in 1966. In 1969, he was promoted to the Crown Law Office. In 1971, he was made Senior Crown Counsel.

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